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Alfagy CHP & Cogeneration


Alfagy is a leading provider of CHP and Cogeneration plant across the world.  We have a wide range of new and used units in stock for immediate deliver at low prices and high efficiency. We often tailor solutions not to fit the needs of the client rather than our standard solution. Contact us now and get an offer by clicking here.

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+44 208 123 7400 (UK)

+1 (718) 618-9710 (US)

Email: Contact Alfagy CHP
Website: www.alfagy.com

34 New House
67-68 Hatton Garden
London EC1N 8JY
United Kingdom

 


Making Energy from Waste

The process of anaerobic digestion to produce biogas can be described in three phases.

1. Hydrolysis: The breakdown of high molecular compounds to low molecular compounds as in lipids to fatty acids, polysaccharides to monosaccharides, proteins to amino acids, etc.

2. Acidogenesis: In these process low molecular compounds of fatty acids, amino acids and monosaccharides are converted to lower molecular intermediate compounds such as organic fatty acids.

3. Methanogenesis: The organic acids are in turn degraded into the final products of methane and carbon dioxide.

In each of these three phases, a different group of bacteria are active and are called the hydrolysing bacteria, the acidogenic bacteria and methanogenic bacteria respectively.

Process description

In most processes where methane is to be produced from solid wastes by anaerobic digestion, three steps are involved.

The first step is the preparation of organic fraction of the solid wastes for anaerobic digestion and usually includes receiving, sorting, separation and size reduction.

The second step is the addition of moisture and nutrients, blending, pH adjustment from 6.7 to 7.5, heating of the slurry to between 55-60°C and anaerobic digestion in a reactor with continuous flow, in which the contents are well mixed for a period of 5-10 days. In most operations, the required moisture content and nutrients are added to the processed solid wastes in the form of sewage sludge. Depending on the chemical characteristics of the sludge, additional nutrients may also have to be added. The third step involves capture, storage and separation of the gas components evolved during the degradation process. The disposal of the digested sludge is an additional task that must be accomplished.

The maintenance of an environment that keeps the acidogens and methanogens in dynamic equilibrium is required to:

1.  Be oxygen free

2.  Should not contain toxic compounds

3.  pH should be maintained in neutral range

4. Tthe alkalinity should be in the range 1500-7500 mg/1 as CaC03 

5.  Have sufficient nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus

6.  Be temperature steady at either mesophilic or thermophilic conditions

7.  Have a constant solids input.

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The food industry and farmers have it easy when it comes to energy production. The energy sources is all around and only need to be channeled into a process using:

  • Food waste
  • Grasses
  • Cereals
  • Chicken manure
  • Horse excrement
  • Cow manure
  • Organic production waste

All these can be used for biogas production which is then turned into heat and power. This is a great sustainable business model which cuts cost and increase competitiveness in the core business. Meanwhile, operational security is increased.